What are Phyllodes?

What are Phyllodes?

Phyllodes (fil-oy-deez) tumors are a rare form of breast tumor; they can be benign (not cancerous), malignant (cancerous), or borderline (having characteristics of both).

Is a phyllodes tumor malignant?

Most phyllodes tumors are benign (not cancer), but about 1 out of 4 of these tumors are malignant (cancer).

Who gave the term Phylloid?

They have been described as early as 1774, as a giant type of fibroadenoma [4]. Chelius [5] in 1827 first described this tumor. Johannes Muller (1838) was the first person to use the term cystosarcoma phyllodes.

What is the difference between fibroadenoma and phyllodes tumor?

Fibroadenomas grow up to 2-3 cm and then stop growing but phyllodes tumors grow continually and sometimes are to 40 cm big. Both these lesions have two components, epithelial and stromal. Clinically fibroadenomas are well circumscibed, hard, oval, movable lesions.

How often do phyllodes tumors recur?

Background: Phyllodes tumours (PT) of the breast are fibro-epithelial neoplasms that are known to recur locally in up to 19% of patients. The failure to achieve adequate surgical margins is an important risk factor for local recurrence.

Can Phyllodes Tumours grow again?

Outlook. Phyllodes tumors aren’t usually cancerous, but they can sometimes return after treatment. Usually, these tumors come back within a year or two after you have surgery. Cancerous tumors may come back sooner.

In which plant is Phyllode present?

Complete answer: Phyllode is modified petioles or leaf stems which are leaf-like in appearance and function. They are common in the genus Acacia.

Can fibroadenoma turn into phyllodes tumor?

The transformation of a benign fibroadenoma into a phyllodes tumor is uncommon and unpredictable. We report the case of a 40-year-old woman with a core biopsy proven fibroadenoma that underwent transformation into a malignant phyllodes tumor after 3 years of size stability.

Can a benign phyllodes tumor become malignant?

Most phyllodes tumors are benign, but in rare cases they can be malignant (cancerous). In addition, their behavior is unpredictable. In rare cases, a benign tumor can recur (grow back) as a cancer. So they’re a little different from the other benign breast conditions linked to a slight increase in breast cancer risk.

What causes fibroadenoma to grow?

Higher estrogen levels due to pregnancy or hormone therapy can cause a fibroadenoma to get bigger, while menopause often causes it to get smaller. A fibroadenoma is usually a single lump, although some women develop multiple fibroadenomas in one or both breasts.

Which is the best definition of a phylloid?

Definition of phylloid. : a plant part functioning as or of similar origin to a leaf especially : a leaf or leaflike structure organogenetically derived by fusion of a system of originally dichotomizing telomes —used in connection with the telome theory.

Is there such a thing as a phyllodes tumor?

Based on your unique information, can recommend articles that are highly relevant to your situation. Phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare, accounting for less than 1% of all breast tumors.

Can a phyllodes tumor be removed from the breast?

If the Phyllodes tumor is cancer, a wider area of normal tissue will be removed along with the tumor. Or the entire breast might be removed with mastectomy. Malignant phyllodes tumors are different from the more common types of breast cancer.

Who is most likely to get phyllodes breast cancer?

These tumors make up 0.3% to 0.9% of breast tumors. Most women who are diagnosed with phyllodes tumors are premenopausal (most commonly, in their 40s). In rare cases, adolescent girls may be diagnosed with this type of breast tumor. They are very rare in men.