How did Robespierre come to power?
How did Robespierre come to power?
He was considered a radical who wanted the monarchy overthrown and the people to take over the government. Over time, Robespierre began to gain power in the new revolutionary government. He became the leader of the radical “Mountain” group in the Assembly and eventually gained control of the Jacobins.
What were Robespierre’s beliefs?
Robespierre first made a name for himself as a lawyer of the people. He defended Jews and black slaves and strongly believed in equality for all in the eyes of the law.
Was Maximilien Robespierre a conservative or liberal?
Robespierre’s political beliefs, in the widest sense, including their economic and social aspects, his “system”, let us say, in the wake of Thermidor, seems, in fact, to cover a very broad spectrum. Thus, while some characterise him as a partisan of economic liberalism, others denounce his communism.
Who was Robespierre in the French Revolution?
Maximilien Robespierre was a radical democrat and key figure in the French Revolution of 1789. Robespierre briefly presided over the influential Jacobin Club, a political club based in Paris. He also served as president of the National Convention and on the Committee of Public Safety.
How many people died in the Reign of Terror?
During the Reign of Terror, at least 300,000 suspects were arrested; 17,000 were officially executed, and perhaps 10,000 died in prison or without trial.
Which period of France history is known as the terror?
the French Revolution
Reign of Terror, also called the Terror, French La Terreur, period of the French Revolution from September 5, 1793, to July 27, 1794 (9 Thermidor, year II).
Who was the Reign of Terror against?
The Reign of Terror (September 5, 1793 – July 28, 1794), also known as The Terror, was a period of violence during the French Revolution incited by conflict between two rival political factions, the Girondins (moderate republicans) and the Jacobins (radical republicans), and marked by mass executions of “the enemies of …
What were three results of the reign of terror?
What were three results of the Reign of Terror? About 40,000 people were executed. Robespierre was executed. The revolution entered a moderate third stage under the Directory.
Where was Maximilien de Robespierre born and raised?
Maximilien de Robespierre was born in Arras in the old French province of Artois. His family has been traced back to the 12th century in Picardy; some of his ancestors in the male line worked as notaries in Carvin near Arras from the beginning of the 17th century.
Where does the last name Robespierre come from?
The surname Robespierre was first found in Burgundy (French: Bourgogne), an administrative and historical region of east-central France, where this renowned family has held a family seat since the Middle Ages.
Why was Robespierre important to the French Revolution?
To some, Robespierre was the Revolution’s principal ideologist and embodied the country’s first democratic experience, marked by the often revised and never implemented French Constitution of 1793. To others, he was the incarnation of the Terror, and provided in his speeches a justification of civilian armament.
Why did Maximilien de Robespierre join the Jacobins Club?
Robespierre Led the Jacobin Club Portrait of Maximilien de Robespierre Author: Unknown French painter The Jacobins As the Revolution progressed, Robespierre joined the Jacobins Club where he found many like-minded people. He was considered a radical who wanted the monarchy overthrown and the people to take over the government.