# Why the speed of sound is different in air water and steel?

## Why the speed of sound is different in air water and steel?

Sound travels fastest through solids. This is because molecules in a solid medium are much closer together than those in a liquid or gas, allowing sound waves to travel more quickly through it. In fact, sound waves travel over 17 times faster through steel than through air.

## What is the speed of sound steel?

Table One: Sound Speeds in Solids

Sound Speed* Shear Wave (25°C)
Material m/s ft/s
Steel, 1% Carbon, hardened 3,150 10,335
Carbon Steel 3,230 10,598
Mild Steel 3,235 10,614

## What is the speed of sound in air and in water?

Sound travels faster in water than in air. The speed of sound in air under typical conditions is about 343 meters per second, while the speed of sound in water is about 1,480 meters per second.

## How does the speed of sound in air compare with its speed in water and steel?

In fresh water, sound waves travel at 1,482 meters per second (about 3,315 mph). That’s well over 4 times faster than in air! In fact, sound waves travel over 17 times faster through steel than through air. The exact speed of sound in steel is 5,960 meters per second (13,332 mph)!

## Does sound travel faster in water or air?

While sound moves at a much faster speed in the water than in air , the distance that sound waves travel is primarily dependent upon ocean temperature and pressure.

## In which metal speed of sound is highest?

However, the speed of sound varies from substance to substance: typically, sound travels most slowly in gases, faster in liquids, and fastest in solids. For example, while sound travels at 343 m/s in air, it travels at 1,481 m/s in water (almost 4.3 times as fast) and at 5,120 m/s in iron (almost 15 times as fast).

## Why does sound not travel in vacuum?

Sound does not travel at all in space. The vacuum of outer space has essentially zero air. Because sound is just vibrating air, space has no air to vibrate and therefore no sound. Radio is a form of electromagnetic radiation just like light and can therefore travel through the vacuum of space just fine.

## Why does sound travel faster in steel than in water?

But I do not understand how a solid that is inflexible can make sound waves travel faster then in a flexible liquid. In fact, sound waves travel over 17 times faster through steel than through air. Sound waves travel over four times faster in water than it would in air. Why does sound travel faster in steel than in water?

## What is the speed of sound in water?

Table Three: Sound Speeds in Water at Selected Temperatures Temperature Sound Speed in Water Sound Speed in Water Sound Speed in Water °C °F m/s ft/s 0 32.0 1402 4600 1 33.8 1407 4616 2 35.6 1412 4633

## What are the sound speeds of different materials?

Table One: Sound Speeds in Solids Sound Speed* Shear Wave (25°C) Sound Speed* Shear Wave (25°C) Material m/s ft/s Steel, 1% Carbon, hardened 3,150 10,335 Carbon Steel 3,230 10,598 Mild Steel 3,235 10,614

## Which is faster a sound wave or Air Wave?

Sound Speed (or sound velocity) refers to the speed of sound waves passing through an elastic medium. The actual speed depends upon the medium (for example, sound waves move faster through water than through air – because water has a higher density).