Why is oral polio vaccine important?

Why is oral polio vaccine important?

“The OPV and IPV vaccines give strong protection against polio – a disease that is a threat to the health of your child and other children.”

What is the oral polio vaccine an example of?

A live viral vaccine, OPV contains an attenuated (weakened) version of the disease-causing poliomyelitis virus. The vaccine is given orally and causes a mild infection that creates immunity against the wild poliovirus.

How do you give oral polio vaccine?

OPV must only be administered orally. Two drops are delivered directly into the mouth from the multidose vial by dropper or dispenser. For older children it may be preferred to avoid the possible bitter taste by first placing the drops on a sugar lump or in syrup.

Is there an oral vaccine for polio?

IPV Immunization Schedule This is safe. The oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) is a weakened live vaccine that is still used in many parts of the world, but hasn’t been used in the United States since 2000. Using IPV eliminates the small risk of developing polio after receiving the live oral polio vaccine.

How many doses of oral polio vaccine are needed?

Oral polio vaccine (OPV) is used in other countries. CDC recommends that children get four doses of polio vaccine. They should get one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months old, 4 months old, 6 through 18 months old, and 4 through 6 years old.

Is oral polio vaccine safe?

OPV is safe, effective and is the essential tool available to protect all children against polio. It has no common side effects and has been used all over the world to protect children against polio. Over the last 20 years, this vaccine has saved 5 million people from permanent paralysis by polio.

How long does a polio vaccine last?

The minimum interval between the next-to-last and last doses in the polio vaccination series is 6 months and the last dose should be at age 4 years or older.

Do adults need polio booster?

Routine poliovirus vaccination of U.S. adults (i.e., persons aged >18 years) is not necessary. Most adults do not need polio vaccine because they were already vaccinated as children and their risk of exposure to polioviruses in the United States is minimal.