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Which are the antihypertensive drugs?

Which are the antihypertensive drugs?

Antihypertensive Drugs

  • ACE inhibitors.
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers.
  • Calcium channel blockers.
  • Diuretics.
  • Beta-blockers.
  • Alpha-blockers.
  • Centrally acting antihypertensive drugs.
  • Vasodilators.

What is antihypertensive Slideshare?

Antihypertensive agents • Diuretics – Thiazides: Hydrochlorothiazide, Chlorthalidone, Indapamide – High ceiling: Furosemide, Torsemide, ethacrynic acid. – K+ Sparing: Spironolactone, Amiloride • ACE inhibitors – Captopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril, Perindopril, Ramipril, Fosinopril, etc.

What is the mechanism of action of antihypertensive drugs?

Many antihypertensive drugs have their primary action on systemic vascular resistance. Some of these drugs produce vasodilation by interfering with sympathetic adrenergic vascular tone (sympatholytics) or by blocking the formation of angiotensin II or its vascular receptors.

What are the 7 classes of antihypertensive medications?

There are many classes of antihypertensives, which lower blood pressure by different means. Among the most important and most widely used medications are thiazide diuretics, calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs), and beta blockers.

What are the best antihypertensive drugs?

ACE INHIBITORS AND DIURETICS. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are among the best tolerated antihypertensive drugs and have been used extensively as initial agents in the treatment of hypertension.

How do you choose antihypertensive drugs?

The choice should be made on the basis of sound scientific data and from the patient’s perspective and needs. The drug should be taken once a day, should have proven efficacy in hypertension control and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality reduction, and should have as few side effects as possible.

What classification is hypertension?

Table 3Classification of blood pressure for adults

Blood Pressure SBP DBP
Classification mmHg mmHg
Prehypertension 120–139 or 80–89
Stage 1 Hypertension 140–159 or 90–99
Stage 2 Hypertension ≥160 or ≥100

What is the role of antihypertensive drugs?

Antihypertensives are a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Antihypertensive therapy seeks to prevent the complications of high blood pressure, such as stroke and myocardial infarction.

Are antihypertensive drugs effective?

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and beta-blockers are less effective than calcium blockers or diuretics in black hypertensives and beta-blockers may be less effective in the elderly. Calcium blockers are equally effective in blacks, whites and the elderly but may not be as efficacious as diuretics.

How do I choose antihypertensive drugs?

What are the first line drugs for hypertension?

Initial first-line therapy for stage 1 hypertension includes thiazide diuretics, CCBs, and ACE inhibitors or ARBs. Two first-line drugs of different classes are recommended with stage 2 hypertension and average BP of 20/10 mm Hg above the BP target.

Which is the Best PowerPoint for anti hypertensive drugs?

Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Anti-Hypertensive Drugs market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view Drugs acting on cardiovascular system (CVS) – Chapter 6.

What are the sites of action of antihypertensive drugs?

Sites of action of the major classes of antihypertensive drugs 9. Diuretics • Thiazide diuretics: Thiazide diuretics, such as hydrochlorothiazide and chlorthalidone, lower blood pressure initially by increasing sodium and water excretion.

Is there a global market for anti hypertensive drugs?

Global Anti-Hypertensive Drugs Market Competitive Strategies And Forecasts To 2030 – Sedentary lifestyle is a major driver for the growth of the anti-hypertensive drugs market.

Which is the best K + sparing antihypertensive drug?

– K+ Sparing: Spironolactone, Amiloride • ACE inhibitors – Captopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril, Perindopril, Ramipril, Fosinopril, etc. • Angiotensin (AT1 receptor) blockers: Losartan, Candesartan, Irbesartan, Valsartan, Telmisartan • Direct renin inhibitor: Aliskiren • β Adrenergic blockers: Propranolol, Metoprolol, Atenolol, etc. 7.