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What is the energy potential of a tropical cyclone?

What is the energy potential of a tropical cyclone?

Your “average” tropical cyclone might release the equivalent of 600 terawatts of energy, with a quarter of a percent of that as wind; the vast majority of the energy in a hurricane is in the form of heat stored and released as water vapor condenses into rain.

What are the 4 categories of tropical cyclone?

These classifications are Tropical Depression, Tropical Storm, Typhoon, and Super Typhoon.

What are 2 characteristics of a tropical cyclone?

A tropical cyclone brings very violent winds, torrential rain, high waves and, in some cases, very destructive storm surges and coastal flooding. The winds blow counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.

How are the 4 stages of a tropical cyclone distinguished?

These clouds are just the beginning. Meteorologists have divided the development of a tropical cyclone into four stages: Tropical disturbance, tropical depression, tropical storm, and full-fledged tropical cyclone. When the water vapor from the warm ocean condenses to form clouds, it releases its heat to the air.

What are the characteristics of a tropical cyclone?

Tropical Cyclone Characteristics

  • Hurricane force winds generally extend out about 100 km (60 miles) from the centre.
  • Storm force winds may extend out as much as 500 km (300 miles)
  • Maximum wind speeds between 12 and 50 km from centre.

Which is the strongest among the three tropical cyclones?

Strongest at landfall

  • 185 mph: Super Typhoon Joan, 1959—Eastern Taiwan.
  • 180 mph: Hurricane Irma, 2017—Leeward Islands.
  • 180 mph: Cyclone Winston, 2016—Fiji.
  • 180 mph: Super Typhoon Megi, 2010—Luzon, Philippines.
  • 180 mph: Super Typhoon Zeb, 1998—Luzon, Philippines.
  • 180 mph: Cyclone Monica, 2006—Northern Territory, Australia.

How tropical cyclones are classified?

The intensity of tropical cyclones vary, thus , we can classify them based upon their degree of intensity. TROPICAL STORM (TS) – a tropical cyclone with maximum wind speed of 62 to 88 kph or 34 – 47 knots. SEVERE TROPICAL STORM (STS) , a tropical cyclone with maximum wind speed of 89 to 117 kph or 48 – 63 knots.

How are tropical cyclone intensities classified?

They are classified as follows: Tropical Depression: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 38 mph (33 knots) or less. Tropical Storm: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph (34 to 63 knots). Hurricane: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher.

What are the 5 categories of cyclones?

Tropical cyclone categories explained

  • Category one (tropical cyclone) Negligible house damage.
  • Category two (tropical cyclone) Minor house damage.
  • Category three (severe tropical cyclone) Some roof and structural damage.
  • Category four (severe tropical cyclone)
  • Category five (severe tropical cyclone)

What are the key characteristics of a tropical cyclone?

What is the weakest form of tropical cyclone?

tropical depressions
The weakest tropical cyclones are called tropical depressions. If a depression intensifies such that its maximum sustained winds reach 39 miles per hour , the tropical cyclone becomes a tropical storm.

What are the 5 factors that may cause tropical cyclone?

There are six main requirements for tropical cyclogenesis: sufficiently warm sea surface temperatures, atmospheric instability, high humidity in the lower to middle levels of the troposphere, enough Coriolis force to sustain a low pressure center, a preexisting low level focus or disturbance, and low vertical wind …

What are the three types of cyclones?

There are three main types of cyclones and these include subtropical, Extra-tropical and tropical. Extra-tropical cyclones are caused in the mid earth, in this climate they are caused by low pressure in hot climate, same as cyclone Larry , This is from the middle of the earth, these cyclones have a tendency to move a lot.

What are the characteristics of a tropical storm?

A tropical storm is an intense storm, characterized by extremely low pressure and swirling wind rotation, that usually develops in the tropics. These storms can bring damaging wind and very heavy rain to the areas they pass over.

What is a subtropical cyclone?

A subtropical cyclone (also known as a subtropical storm) is a cyclonic weather storm. Subtropical cyclones have wide wind patterns with the winds getting stronger as they get farther away from the centre of the storm.

What is a cyclone in the Pacific Ocean?

A hurricane is a tropical cyclone that occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and northeastern Pacific Ocean, and a typhoon occurs in the northwestern Pacific Ocean; in the south Pacific or Indian Ocean, comparable storms are referred to simply as “tropical cyclones” or “severe cyclonic storms”.