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What is the difference between Sporophytes and gametophytes?

What is the difference between Sporophytes and gametophytes?

The multicellular diploid plant structure is called the sporophyte, which produces spores through meiotic (asexual) division. The multicellular haploid plant structure is called the gametophyte, which is formed from the spore and give rise to the haploid gametes.

What is the function of sporophyte and gametophyte?

The basic function of the sporophyte is to create spores – that much is known already. The spores, in turn, produce the gametophytes that give rise to the male and female gametes through the process of meiosis. Meiosis is the type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes in half.

Are Sporophytes male or female?

The sporophyte is the dominant generation, but multicellular male and female gametophytes are produced within the flowers of the sporophyte.

Is a sperm a gametophyte or sporophyte?

It is in the haploid gametophyte structure that gametes are formed. These male and female sex cells, also known as eggs and sperm, unite during fertilization to form a diploid zygote. The zygote develops into a diploid sporophyte, which represents the asexual phase of the cycle.

Are humans Sporophytes?

Humans and most animals have this type of life cycle. In a haploid-dominant life cycle, the multicellular (or sometimes unicellular) haploid stage is the most obvious life stage and is often multicellular. In this type of life cycle, the single-celled zygote is the only diploid cell.

What is the function of sporophyte?

The sporophyte produces spores (hence the name) by meiosis, a process also known as “reduction division” that reduces the number of chromosomes in each spore mother cell by half. The resulting meiospores develop into a gametophyte.

Are mosses unisexual?

Most moss species (approximately 60%) have separate sexes, comprising unisexual gametophytes that produce either sperm or eggs but not both (Wyatt & Anderson, 1984). Many species (approximately 30%) have bisexual gametophytes that can produce both archegonia (containing eggs) and antheridia (containing sperm).

Why can gametophyte produce gametes by mitosis?

During that break, a separate little haploid plant grows. Gametophytes produce gametes by mitosis. In animals, meiosis produces sperm and egg, but in plants, meiosis occurs to produce the gametophyte. The gametophyte is already haploid, so it produces sperm and egg by mitosis.

Which plant group have a dominant gametophyte stage?

Thus, the gametophyte stage is dominant in the more primitive (nonvascular) plants ( bryophytes ), whereas the sporophyte is the dominant phase in the life cycle of higher (i.e., vascular) plants. In algae, the dominant phase often depends on environmental conditions, though some species have determinant life cycles.

Why is gametophyte dominant in bryophytes?

Bryophytes, which are considered to have a more ancestral form, have a life cycle in which the gametophyte is dominant. This means that when you see a moss plant, you are seeing the gametophyte. The sporophytes that they produce are very small, are attached to, the gametphyte and rely entirely on it for their energy and nutrition.

What is the difference between male and female gametophyte?

Definition. Male gametophyte refers to the life stage of heterosporous plants which produces male gametes while female gametophyte refers to the life stage of heterosporous plants which produces female gametes.

  • Derived from.
  • Origin.
  • Number of Cells.
  • Growth Phase.
  • After Fertilization.
  • Fate.
  • Conclusion.
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