What is sterilization and types of sterilization?

What is sterilization and types of sterilization?

Common methods of sterilization include physical methods and chemical methods. Physical methods include dry heat, steam, radiation, and plasmas. Radiation encompasses a variety of types, including gamma radiation, electron beam, X-ray, ultraviolet, microwave, and white (broad spectrum) light.

What is the process of sterilization?

Sterilization describes a process that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life and is carried out in health-care facilities by physical or chemical methods. Disinfection describes a process that eliminates many or all pathogenic microorganisms, except bacterial spores, on inanimate objects (Tables 1 and 2).

What are the disadvantages of female sterilization?

Disadvantages: it does not protect against STIs, so you may need to use condoms. it cannot be easily reversed, and reversal operations are rarely funded by the NHS. it can fail – the fallopian tubes can rejoin and make you fertile again, although this is rare.

What are the 4 types of sterilization?

Sterilization can be achieved by a combination of heat, chemicals, irradiation, high pressure and filtration like steam under pressure, dry heat, ultraviolet radiation, gas vapor sterilants, chlorine dioxide gas etc.

Why do we need sterilization?

Sterilization is the process that kills all forms of bacteria, disease, fungi, and viruses. Disinfection procedures before and after a medical event prevent the transmission of germs. Not only will it protect the patients, but also the medical professional.

What is importance of sterilization?

Safety. The key reason sterilization is important is the way it prevents the potential spread of harmful bacteria and other pathogens which might cause disease.

What are 5 methods of sterilization?

The different methods of sterilization include: Irradiation ( Gamma or E-Beam) Wet heat (Autoclaving) Ethylene Oxide gas. Filtration Flaming Tyndallization Incineration Steam Sterilization Radiation (UV, x-rays and gamma rays exposure). Dry Heat Sterilization (Flaming and Baking)

What is the most effective methods of sterilization?

The method of choice for sterilisation in most labs is autoclaving; using pressurised steam to heat the material to be sterilised. This is a very effective method that kills all microbes, spores and viruses, although for some specific bugs, especially high temperatures or incubation times are required.

What do you need to know about sterilization?

Here’s what you need to know about it: Sterilization takes critical process. It’s more than just ordinarily cleaning with soap and water. It undergoes a long chemical process to make sure that medical tools get sterilized well. Sometimes, sterilization is done with the use of the machine. It’s more effective and faster than using man’s labor.

What are the benefits of sterilization?

In males, one of the benefits of sterilization is the prevention of testicular cancer, as well as diseases such as leukemia and immunodeficiency. In females, such procedure prevents infections in the uterus, as well as breast and uterine cancer.