# What is normal blood pressure variability?

## What is normal blood pressure variability?

The short-term variability, intended as pressure variations over 24 h, is mainly characterized by circadian modulations. Among the most relevant there is the physiological nocturnal reduction of systolic and diastolic BP, which in normal subjects, defined as ‘dippers’, is about 10–20%.

What is the difference between ambulatory and home blood pressure monitoring?

The main difference between ABPM and HBPM is that ABPM assesses daytime and nighttime blood pressure during routine daily activities typically during one 24-hour period, whereas HBPM assesses blood pressure at specific times during the day and night over a longer period of time while the patient is seated and resting.

How do you calculate blood pressure variability?

The determinants of BPV were calculated for both systolic and diastolic BP using “the indices SD, ARV, and CV” of all 3 measurement methods. The CV was obtained by dividing the SD by the average BP level. The ARV was calculated as the average of the differences between consecutive BP measurements.

### What is considered high variability in blood pressure?

The actual diagnosis of hypertension depends on the time frame of ABPM used. In general, patients with greater-than-average BP of 130/80 mmHg measured over a 24-hour period are considered hypertensive. In addition, a daytime average >135/85 mmHg or a nighttime average >120/70 mmHg are also considered hypertensive.

What affects blood pressure variability?

Measured blood pressure varies due to a large number of factors such as measurement technique, accuracy of equipment, and multiple patient factors such as anxiety. Even if these factors are controlled, blood pressure is subject to biological variation from beat to beat, minute to minute, and day to day.

How is ambulatory blood pressure measured?

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) is when your blood pressure is measured as you move around, living your normal daily life. It is measured for up to 24 hours. A small digital blood pressure monitor is attached to a belt around your waist and connected to a cuff around your upper arm.

## Are ambulatory blood pressure monitors accurate?

Conclusions: These ABPM devices are accurate enough for routine clinical use in a variety of patients. Factors such as age, weight, gender, and severity of hypertension are statistically associated with greater device error but the differences are small enough to be unlikely to affect clinical practice.

How accurate is ambulatory blood pressure?

Twenty-four-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) is a precise method to quantify BP levels and diagnose HTN. Recent studies showed that 24-h ABPM is more accurate than office BP measurements in predicting cardiovascular morbidity and mortality (3–6).

How is ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is used?

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring allows many blood pressure (BP) readings to be recorded over a 24-hour period, whether the patient is awake or asleep. At a doctor’s office or clinic, an instrument called a sphygmomanometer is used to take BP readings. Usually, only one or two readings are taken during a doctor’s visit.

### How is the variability of blood pressure measured?

Blood pressure variability (BPV) was assessed as the standard deviation of the mean out of 24-hour, awake and asleep ambulatory BP recordings in 180 untreated subjects.

Which is more accurate ambulatory BP or office BP?

Twenty-four-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) is a precise method to quantify BP levels and diagnose HTN. Recent studies showed that 24-h ABPM is more accurate than office BP measurements in predicting cardiovascular morbidity and mortality ( 3 – 6 ).

When to use ABPM to diagnose hypertension?

Thresholds for Hypertension Diagnosis Based on ABPM ABPM indicates ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Adapted with permission from O’Brien et al. 6 Authorization for this adaptation has been obtained both from the owner of the copyright in the original work and from the owner of copyright in the translation or adaptation.