What do cup and ring marks mean?

What do cup and ring marks mean?

In Religious or Magical Ceremonies: Some of the theories propose that the carvings may variously symbolize the breasts of the Mother Goddess, the Sun God of the solar cults, or that they were made and used by the Druids in blood-sacrifice cere- monies, particularly those that sport the commonly found radial grooves or …

What are cup marks on standing stones?

The lower section of the stone is, however, intact and on three of the four sides it displays cup marks, a form of prehistoric decoration where circular hollows are pecked out of the surface of the stone.

How were cup and ring marks made?

Cup and ring marks were sculpted into local stone slabs. Some of them are quite basic and primitive decorations, others are made with considerable style and precision. They are often concentric rings – like ripples on water.

How old are cup and ring marks?

The Ballochmyle cup and ring marks were first recorded at Ballochmyle (NS 5107 2552), Mauchline, East Ayrshire, Scotland in 1986, very unusually carved on a vertical red sandstone cliff face, forming one of the most extensive areas of such carvings as yet found in Britain.

What are ring cups?

Nylea disposable glue rings are perfect for those who don’t like to clean their glue holder after each use. Simply wear ring cups on your fingers so you can conveniently dip paint, pigments, and makeups.

What were cup stones used for?

So, regardless of your belief as to the uses of these artifacts that we call Nutting stones, they most likely were used to crack nuts as well as to crush seeds such as smartweed and marsh elder and sunflower.

What is ring mark?

The hallmark is normally stamped inside an engagement or wedding ring, with pendants by the bail and with chains and bracelets they are usually found by the clasp. The hallmark consists of 3 compulsory marks together with a 4th often-optional marking.

Is a petroglyph?

Petroglyphs are rock carvings (rock paintings are called pictographs) made by pecking directly on the rock surface using a stone chisel and a hammerstone. When the desert varnish (or patina) on the surface of the rock was chipped off, the lighter rock underneath was exposed, creating the petroglyph.

What is a mud ring for electrical?

A raised device cover is used to adapt a 4″ or 5″ box to accept wiring devices. A finish plate is then put over the device. They come in 1 or 2 gang and in a variety of “raise” sizes from flat to 1-1/4″ and are used on drywall or plaster.

What do the markings on a ring mean?

The most common marks or trademark stamps are used to identify things like: Metals, carat weights, manufacturer, tradeMarks, jeweler, or designer. The mark that is the most important is the metal stamp, or karat weight of the metal. These are the most common metals and most common markings.

Which stones make fire?

A fire striker or firesteel when hit by a hard, glassy stone such as quartz, jasper, agate or flint cleaves small, hot, oxidizing metal particles that can ignite tinder. The steel should be high carbon, non-alloyed, and hardened. Similarly, two pieces of iron pyrite or marcasite when struck together can create sparks.

Where do Cup and ring marks come from?

The decoration occurs as a petroglyph on natural boulders and outcrops and also as an element of megalithic art on purposely worked megaliths such as the slab cists of the Food Vessel culture, some stone circles and passage graves such as the clava tombs and on the capstones at Newgrange .

Where are the Cup and ring marks in Northumberland?

The Hunterheugh Crags cup and ring marks near Alnwick in Northumberland have recently been demonstrated to date back into the Early Neolithic era through their stratigraphic relationship with other, datable features. Some cup marks have been found in Iron Age contexts but these may represent re-used stones.

How are the cups and rings at Hunterheugh connected?

Where they are etched onto natural, flat stone it has been observed that they seem to incorporate the natural surface of the rock. Those at Hunterheugh are mostly connected to one another by gutters that can channel rainwater from one to the next, down the sloping top of the stone.

What kind of engravings have Cup and ring marks?

Carschenna engravings are mainly characterized by cup-marks with from 1 to 9 concentric circles. Spirals, sun-like figures, riding scenes, and schematic horses are also present. Galicia, where hundreds of stations are known. In Piedmont there are many cup marked stones. Pera Crevolà of Val Susa, Italy Deer and cup-and-ring motifs]