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What are the laws of the Geneva Convention?

What are the laws of the Geneva Convention?

The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols is a body of Public International Law, also known as the Humanitarian Law of Armed Conflicts, whose purpose is to provide minimum protections, standards of humane treatment, and fundamental guarantees of respect to individuals who become victims of armed conflicts.

What happens if a country goes against the Geneva Convention?

The Geneva Convention is a standard by which prisoners and civilians should be treated during a time of war. The document has no provisions for punishment, but violations can bring moral outrage and lead to trade sanctions or other kinds of economic reprisals against the offending government.

What is banned by the Geneva convention?

The Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, usually called the Geneva Protocol, is a treaty prohibiting the use of chemical and biological weapons in international armed conflicts. …

What is Article 4 of the Geneva Convention?

Article 4(1) of the Fourth Geneva Convention defines as “protected persons” those persons “who, at a given moment and in any manner whatsoever, find themselves, in case of a conflict or occupation, in the hands of a Party to the conflict or Occupying Power of which they are not nationals”.

What does Article 16 of the Geneva Convention say?

First, article 16, paragraph 4, provides that innocent passage, which cannot be suspended, applies in straits used for international navigation not only connecting one part of the high seas to another part of the high seas, but also to the territorial sea of a foreign State, thus including also the strait of Tiran.

What are the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention?

Many of the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention take into account the particular needs of children. Thus, each High Contracting Party must allow the free passage of relief intended for children under fifteen and maternity cases (article 23).

When does the Geneva Convention apply to war?

In addition to the provisions which shall be implemented in peacetime, the present Convention shall apply to all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict which may arise between two or more of the High Contracting Parties, even if the state of war is not recognized by one of them.

When was the Geneva Convention Act of 1949 signed?

1 This Act may be cited as the Geneva Conventions Act. 2 (1) The Geneva Conventions for the Protection of War Victims, signed at Geneva on August 12, 1949 and set out in Schedules I to IV, are approved.