What are the four temperaments of personality?

What are the four temperaments of personality?

Four temperaments

  • The four temperament theory is a proto-psychological theory which suggests that there are four fundamental personality types: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic.
  • Temperament theory has its roots in the ancient theory of humourism.

What are the four temperaments according to Hippocrates?

He referred to the four temperaments as the sanguine, choleric, melancholic and phlegmatic, preserving etymology of these terms having their origins in antiquity.

What are Galen’s four personality styles?

According to Galen, the imbalance of pairs resulted in one of the four temperament categories (or personality types): sanguine (being optimistic and social), choleric (being short-tempered and irritable), melancholic (being analytical and quiet), and phlegmatic (being relaxed and peaceful).

What are the names of the Cuatro temperamentos?

Sanguíneo, colérico, melancólico y flemático son los cuatro temperamentos que definió el griego Hipócrates, una teoría que sería muy influyente en la medicin…

What are the four temperament types of Hippocrates?

The four temperament types of Hippocrates. These latter four were the temperamental categories Galen named “sanguine”, “melancholic”, “choleric” and “phlegmatic” after the bodily humors. Each was the result of an excess of one of the humors that produced, in turn, the imbalance in paired qualities.

What does the word temperament mean in Latin?

The word “temperament” itself comes from Latin “temperare”, “to mix”. In the ideal personality, the complementary characteristics or warm-cool and dry-moist were exquisitely balanced. In four less ideal types, one of the four qualities was dominant over all the others.

Who is the founder of the Four Temperaments and humors?

The concept of four temperaments and humors is an ancient and alternative approach to personality theory by Hippocrates. He proposed an imbalance of bodily fluids (i.e. black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, blood) results in extreme temperaments.