How do you find the rational runoff coefficient?

How do you find the rational runoff coefficient?

The Rational method predicts the peak runoff according to the formula: Q=CiA, where C is a runoff coefficient, i is the rainfall intensity, and A is the subcatchment area. This formula is applicable to US or metric evaluation, as long as consistent units are employed.

What is the rational runoff coefficient?

The Rational method runoff coefficient (c) is a function of the soil type and drainage basin slope. The duration is usually equivalent to the time of concentration of the drainage area. The storm frequency is typically stated by local authorities depending on the impact of the development.

How do you find peak discharge using rational method?

The Rational Formula is expressed as Q = CiA where: Q =Peak rate of runoff in cubic feet per second C =Runoff coefficient, an empirical coefficient representing a relationship between rainfall and runoff.

What is the unit of coefficient of runoff?

The runoff coefficient (C) is a dimensionless coefficient relating the amount of runoff to the amount of precipitation received. It is a larger value for areas with low infiltration and high runoff (pavement, steep gradient), and lower for permeable, well vegetated areas (forest, flat land).

What is runoff coefficient used for?

Runoff coefficient is a dimensionless factor that is used to convert the rainfall amounts to runoff. It represents the integrated effect of catchment losses and hence depends upon the nature of land surface, slope, degree of saturation, and rainfall intensity.

Is runoff and discharge the same?

The data in the reports of the Geological Survey on surface water represent the total fluids measured. Thus, the terms discharge, streamflow, and runoff represent water with the solids dissolved in it and the sediment mixed with it. Of these terms, discharge is the most comprehensive. Runoff.

What is rational method used for?

The Rational Method expresses a relationship between rainfall intensity and catchment area as independent variables and the peak flood discharge resulting from the rainfall as the dependent variable. It has been used for over 150 years, and known as the Rational Method for nearly 100 years.

How to calculate runoff coefficient?

How to Calculate Runoff Coefficient. Step 1. The Rational Method is used for areas less than 50 acres. If the area you are assessing is more than 50 acres, you will have to use a Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Using a Runoff Coefficient Table .

What is the coefficient of runoff?

Runoff coefficient is loosely defined as the ratio of runoff to rainfall, and is a function of watershed characteristics including land use, soil type, and slope of the watershed. The value of runoff coefficient ranges between 0.0 and 1.0.

What is runoff coefficient?

A runoff coefficient is a number that relates the rainfall rate and runoff rate . Using the runoff coefficient, scientists and hydrologists can calculate how much water passes over a given area per second. There are two ways you can find the runoff coefficient. One is by using the Rational Method, and the other is by using a runoff coefficient table.